Leather is a term that encompasses a lot of specifics that we didn’t know about. Indeed, there are several types of leather depending on the part of the skin that has been worked, the different treatments that the skin undergoes, and the finishes that are applied to it. Full grain leather encompasses the highest quality leathers that can be found, so let’s find out what the term really means and what justifies the price tag.
What is full grain leather?
The grain of the leather designates the part of the dermis where animal hair is implanted, that is to say the top of the skin, which is therefore the denser side. Once the full grain leather is tanned, it does not undergo any further alteration, which makes this material very pure. Indeed, the grain of the leather is preserved in its originality, apart from the possible immersions or solutions to make them less vulnerable, and to make nappa or dipped leather. Thus, a full grain leather keeps its thickness and its original appearance.
This material can come from all types of animals, generally it is made from goat, lamb or calf skin, depending on the finished product. It is with this leather that we make the most beautiful jackets and jackets, bags and shoes, but also leather furnishings such as sofas. This is the part of the highest quality leather, which comes with a certain price tag.
Full grain leather is one of the smooth and very fine leathers. These include what is called aniline leathers (or porous leather) and surface-dyed leathers (coated or pigmented). Aniline leather is not dyed, or it can be bulk dyed with aniline dyes. Since there is no pigment, the skin of aniline leather is said to be porous because its pores remain open. This therefore makes it more fragile than pigmented leather, which is protected by the pigments and binders of a dye.
Full grain leather includes several types of leather, depending on the finishes applied to them after tanning. The best known are nappa leather, dipped leather and waxy leather.
What is nappa leather?
Nappa leather is therefore full grain pigmented leather, which means that it has kept its original surface, on which we then passed a pigmented finish. This solution is a varnish lightly tinted with pigments, which will opacify the surface of the leather. This will make it possible to hide some small remaining flaws, and make the leather softer and more resistant to wear and the sun. Nappa leather is therefore particularly smooth.
What is dipped leather?
Dipped leather is different from nappa leather because it is dyed by immersion in the mass and not by a topcoat. This means that it is less protected and therefore more fragile than nappa leather. Likewise, if nappa leather is very smooth due to its pigmented finish, dipped leather shows slightly more defects, because being immersed in the dye, the latter penetrates without directly covering the skin. Thus, the defects are not covered by the pigments. To have as few defects as possible, the smoothest skins are chosen to make dipped leathers. Therefore, dipped leather is more expensive than nappa leather.
What is waxy leather?
Waxy leather is halfway between nappa leather and dipped leather. In fact, the skin is tinted half by immersion in the dye, and half by pigmentation on the surface. It is an often used compromise, which gives an aspect very of that of the dipped leather, although the finishes are slightly less natural. Waxy leather is therefore smooth, very supple and has a slightly brighter finish than dipped and nappa leathers.
Do not hesitate to read our article Your everyday looks need a leather piece to find out how to integrate a leather piece into your everyday style!
How to maintain full grain leathers?
Full grain leather is an expensive material because it is precious. The fact that this material is so flexible, soft and flawless, therefore makes it fragile. This means that regular maintenance is necessary to preserve the skin of the nappa leather.
For any maintenance of your leathers, the Famaco brand offers a wide range of maintenance products, to protect leathers such as suede and nubuck, to make them shine, and to clean all skin types.
If you have a full-grain leather jacket or jacket, you must first waterproof it before using it for the first time. This will protect your leather from moisture and the sun. Consider ironing waterproofing regularly to prevent wear and fade. If your leather does get wet, don’t dry it next to a fire or heater, as a heat source will only dry out the skin and even deform it.
Then, to nourish your full grain leather, consider using a cream dedicated to this use. For example, among the maintenance products of the Famaco brand, you can use their delicate colorless or colored cream. It is an easy to apply milk that will clean, nourish and soften the leather. Before applying this cream, start by dusting the material with a soft brush. Then, massage your leather with a cloth on which you will have put your delicate Famaco cream. After letting it dry, you can finish the maintenance by passing a soft cloth or a shining brush on your leather to make it shine.
Little tip: Before applying any cleaning product to a jacket, leather jacket or any other type of animal skin, it is best to test it on an inside part of the skin, to ensure the result. .
Full grain leather is a material that can get dirty quickly. If you have grease stains, you can use mattress earth to remove them without altering the color of your leather. To do this, lightly cover the stain with earth with box springs, and pat with your fingers or a soft cloth. Leave the sommières earth for a few hours on the leather so that it absorbs the fat of the stain, then rub gently to remove the earth. Your leather jacket will be like new!
Do not hesitate to read our Care guide for leathers, sheepskins, nubucks for more products and advice.
If you take care of your full grain leather jacket or jacket as recommended, you will not regret your purchase. It is still a high quality material, very comfortable to wear and resistant. Come and discover our wide selection of leathers, from blouson to jacket to pants, on our website.